Ultrastructural Observations of Host-Cell Invasion by Sporozoites of Eimeria Papillata in Vivo
Scanning and transmission electron microscopy were used to study the invasion of mouse small-intestinal epithelium by sporozoites of Eimeria papillata. Some mice received oocysts by gavage and others received either sporocysts or sporozoites by direct injection into the small intestine. The highest concentration of invaded cells were found in ligated intestinal tissues studied at 5-45 min after the inoculation of sporozoites. Sporozoites actively invaded anterior end first, which resulted in extensive damage to the host cell. Such cells showed disrupted microvilli; protuberances of cytoplasm into the lumen, apparently the result of a disrupted plasma membrane; vacuolization of the cytoplasm; and damage to the mitochondria. These damaged cells were rapidly vacated as the sporozoite moved laterally into one or more adjacent intact host cells without entering the lumen. It is suggested that the host cell initially entered from the lumen becomes so severely traumatized that the parasite of necessity enters an adjacent cell as a prelude to further development. Various aspects of host-cell invasion by coccidia and malarial parasites are reviewed. © 1993 Springer-Verlag.
Chobotar, Bill; Danforth, Harry D.; and Entzeroth, Rolf, "Ultrastructural Observations of Host-Cell Invasion by Sporozoites of Eimeria Papillata in Vivo" (1993). Faculty Publications. 2644.