An Information-theoretical Approach to Space Weather
Contribution to Book
Information theory, Cumulant-based analysis, Mutual information, Conditional mutual information, Transfer entropy
Systems are a complex, dynamic whole composed of interrelated, interacting components. One of the most significant challenges of describing system dynamics is identifying how extensively different components of the system interact and the origin of different patterns of dynamical behavior. A key question is how information flows among the different components and how information is exchanged with the surrounding environment. The tools of information theory make it possible to quantify the information flow and use it to discover causal dependency within the system. In this chapter, we discuss a number of entropy-based measures of dependency, including mutual information, cumulants, conditional mutual information, transfer entropy, redundancy, and information flow. We provide examples from known dynamical systems and space weather illustrating how these discriminating statistics can be applied. We show how these tools can be used to address such questions as: how do the dynamics of the magnetospheric response to the solar wind change during the solar cycle, can we identify physical processes responsible for substorm onset, how does information flow through the system, and how is it related to various physical processes?
Machine Learning Techniques for Space Weather
Camporeale, Enrico, Simon Wing, and Jay Johnson
Johnson, Jay R. and Wing, Simon, "An Information-theoretical Approach to Space Weather" (2018). Faculty Publications. 795.