Upper Limits on the Stochastic Gravitational-Wave Background from Advanced LIGO's First Observing Run
A wide variety of astrophysical and cosmological sources are expected to contribute to a stochastic gravitational-wave background. Following the observations of GW150914 and GW151226, the rate and mass of coalescing binary black holes appear to be greater than many previous expectations. As a result, the stochastic background from unresolved compact binary coalescences is expected to be particularly loud. We perform a search for the isotropic stochastic gravitational-wave background using data from Advanced Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory’s (aLIGO) first observing run. The data display no evidence of a stochastic gravitational-wave signal. We constrain the dimensionless energy density of gravitational waves to be Ω0
Physical Review Letters
Summerscales, Tiffany; LIGO Scientific Collaboration; and Virgo Collaboration, "Upper Limits on the Stochastic Gravitational-Wave Background from Advanced LIGO's First Observing Run" (2017). Faculty Publications. 732.