Prevalence of urinary incontinence in pregnant and postpartum women in the Democratic Republic of Congo
Africa, Democratic Republic of Congo, Epidemiology, Postpartum, Pregnancy, Urinary incontinence
Introduction and hypothesis: The objective was to describe the prevalence of urinary incontinence in pregnant and postpartum women in the Democratic Republic of Congo and to identify factors associated with urinary incontinence (UI) in these populations. Methods: We interviewed eligible women who sought prenatal or postnatal reproductive health clinic consultations over a 2-year period. Interviews collected information about demographics, obstetric history, and urinary incontinence symptoms, as well as the impact on the quality of life, via a validated questionnaire. Descriptive analyses compared women with and without urinary incontinence and compared characteristics of UI, stratified by pregnancy status. Logistic regression identified factors associated with UI among the entire sample, pregnant women, and postpartum women. Results: Overall, 268 out of 880 women had UI (30.5%); the prevalence was 33.4% (168 out of 503) among pregnant women and 26.5% (100 out of 377) among postpartum women, p = 0.03. Women who were pregnant were significantly more likely to experience stress incontinence (p = 0.01) and less likely to report moderate or large amounts of leakage (p = 0.002). A history of macrosomia and being currently pregnant were associated with UI in the entire sample (p < 0.05). Among pregnant women, the risk of UI decreased with increasing gestational age and increased with a history of macrosomia (p ≤ 0.01). Among postpartum women, a history of macrosomia and prior episiotomy were associated with UI (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Urinary incontinence is prevalent in pregnant and postpartum women in the Democratic Republic of Congo and is associated with a history of macrosomia. Efforts should focus on screening, evaluation, and treatment.
International Urogynecology Journal
Maroyi, Raha; Mwambali, Nabintu; Moureau, Madeline K.; Keyser, Laura E.; McKinney, Jessica L.; Brown, Heidi W.; and Mukwege, Denis M., "Prevalence of urinary incontinence in pregnant and postpartum women in the Democratic Republic of Congo" (2021). Faculty Publications. 4187.