Comparison of Four Murine Eimeria Species in Immunocompetent and Immunodeficient Mice
Factors associated with immune-mediated protection against coccidial parasites were examined in a series of experiments utilizing immunocompromised scid/scid(SCID) and scid/scid.beige/beige (SCID/Bg) mice, as well as immunocompetent BALB/c mice. Number of oocysts produced per g feces each day and prepatent and patent periods were assessed for 4 eimerian parasites (Eimeria papillata, Eimeria vermiformis, Eimeria falciformis, and Eimeria ferrisi) using the 3 murine strains. The number of infections required to elicit a protective immune response was also determined for each coccidial species in BALB/c mice. We report the first description of patent infections in inbred immunocompetent and immunodeficient mice infected with E. papillata. Results indicate that during primary infections, parasite replication is under partial immunological control for all Eimeria species. However, the control is mechanistically different for E. papillata because the adaptive immune response does not contribute to the control of primary infections. Both coccidial species infecting intestinal villar epithelial cells (E. papillata and E. ferrisi) were affected by the beige mutation using parasite output as an indicator, whereas E. falciformis, which infects intestinal crypt cells, is not. BALB/c mice were more resistant to challenge infections with upper intestinal parasites (E. papillata and E. vermiformis) in comparison to challenge infections with lower intestinal and cecal parasites (E. falciformis and E. ferrisi).
Journal of Parasitology
Schito, Marco L.; Barta, John R.; and Chobotar, Bill, "Comparison of Four Murine Eimeria Species in Immunocompetent and Immunodeficient Mice" (1996). Faculty Publications. 2565.