Cellular Dynamics and Cytokine Responses in BALB/c Mice Infected with Eimeria papillata During Primary and Secondary Infections
BALB/c mice were infected with the intestinal intracellular parasite Eimeria papillata to characterize lymphocyte responses and cytokine profiles throughout primary and secondary infections. Lymphocytes from the mesenteric lymph node (MLN) and the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) of infected mice were phenotypically analyzed using flow cytometry and immunofluorescence microscopy, respectively. Lymphocytes isolated from the MLN during primary infections of BALB/c mice with E. papillata do not proliferate, compared to day 0 uninfected controls, when stimulated in vitro with conconavalin A and express T(H)2-type cytokines (interleukin [IL]-4 and IL-10) on day 3 PI followed by the release of T(H)1-type cytokines (IL-2 and interferon-γ) during patency. In the small intestine, significantly more T cells and their subsets were observed during primary infection. During secondary infections, IL-2 was the only 1 of the 4 cytokines that was expressed earlier and at higher levels in the MLN when compared to primary infections. In the small intestine, significantly more αβ+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes were observed in mice during secondary infection. Oocyst antigens did not induce cellular proliferation at any time point during primary or secondary infections. We conclude that primary oral infection of BALB/c mice with E. papillata is associated with localized immunosuppression that may be mediated, in part, by early T(H)2-type cytokines. Immunity to secondary infection may be mediated by intestinal αβ+ CD8+ T lymphocytes through an IL-2 dependent mechanism.
Journal of Parasitology
Schito, Marco L.; Chobotar, Bill; and Barta, John R., "Cellular Dynamics and Cytokine Responses in BALB/c Mice Infected with Eimeria papillata During Primary and Secondary Infections" (1998). Faculty Publications. 2564.