Title

Attractiveness of the Male Acheta domesticus Calling Song to Females - III. The Relation of Age-Correlated Changes in Syllable Period Recognition and Phonotactic Threshold to Juvenile Hormone III Biosynthesis

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

12-1-1991

Keywords

Behavioral threshold, Juvenile hormone, Phonotaxis and age, Recognition

Abstract

1. Most crickets first demonstrated positive phonotaxis to 65 dB CSs having a 53-62 ms SP by day 3 following the imaginal molt (Fig. 3B). The onset of copulatory readiness occurred on average at 3.2 days. 2. The attractive range of SPs for most females became progressively broader as they aged (Fig. 4). Three to 4-day-old females were attracted to a smaller number of CS SPs than were 20-21 day old females (Fig. 4). 3. Older, less selective females did not typically respond to the same range of CS SPs (Fig. 6). However, they were more likely to respond to some SPs (especially 50 ms) than to others (Fig. 7). 4. The phonotactic threshold decreased from 95 dB or greater on day 0 to a mean of 55 dB by day 3, during a period of increasing JHIII biosynthesis, and thereafter remained at that level (Fig. 8). 5. During a period of maximal JHIII production, 3-5 day-old females usually responded to 4 of the 7 SPs presented (Fig. 8). Females older than 12 days were unselective for CS SP, and JHIII synthesis remained at a level below the peak production on day 4 (Fig. 8). 6. Older females, that were unselective for CS SP, became as selective as 3 to 5-day-old females within 4 days of topical application of JHIII (Figs. 9-11). © 1991 Springer-Verlag.

Journal Title

Journal of Comparative Physiology A

Volume

169

Issue

6

First Page

751

Last Page

764

DOI

10.1007/BF00194903

First Department

Biology

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