Modulation of Syllable Period-selective Phonotaxis by Prothoracic Neurones in Crickets (Acheta domesticus): Juvenile Hormone, Picrotoxin and Photoinactivation of the ON1 Neurones
Auditory processing, Nanoinjection, Plasticity, Recognition
In response to model calling songs (CSs), the phonotaxis of female Acheta domesticus ranges from being very selective to unselective. Within 15 min of nanoinjecting juvenile hormone III (JHIII) or picrotoxin (PTX) into the prothoracic ganglion, females become more selective for syllable period (SP) than in pre-tests. Controls for JHIII experiments, including nanoinjection of acetone into the prothoracic ganglion or nanoinjection of JHIII into the metathoracic ganglion, do not influence selectivity. Similarly, nanoinjection of saline into the prothoracic ganglion and nanoinjection of PTX outside of the prothoracic ganglion does not change the overall selectivity of the female's phonotaxis. These results indicate that circuits in the prothoracic ganglion modulate the SP-selectivity of phonotaxis. Photoinactivating both of the ON1 prothoracic auditory interneurones in old females that were previously unselective for SP also results in greater SP-selectivity during phonotaxis. Evidence suggesting that ON1 has this effect via its inhibitory input to L3 (another prothoracic auditory neurone) includes: photoinactivation of one ON1 neurone causes angular errors in the female's orientation to CSs at 85 dB (above the threshold of the L3), stimulation with 60 dB CSs (above the threshold of ON1 but below the threshold of L3) does not induce errors in angular orientation, inactivation of ON1 in old crickets results in greater angular errors (85 dB stimulus) than it does when ON1 is inactivated in young females, and photoinactivation of ON1 increases the firing rate of the L3 neurone. © 2008 The Authors.
Atkins, Gordon; Kilmer, Jason; Scalfani, Micheal; Navia, Benjamin; and Stout, John, "Modulation of Syllable Period-selective Phonotaxis by Prothoracic Neurones in Crickets (Acheta domesticus): Juvenile Hormone, Picrotoxin and Photoinactivation of the ON1 Neurones" (2008). Faculty Publications. 2024.