Title

HIV Seropositivity of Needles from Shooting Galleries in South Florida

Document Type

Contribution to Book

Publication Date

12-18-2018

Abstract

Needle/syringe combinations were collected from three shooting galleries in South Florida and tested for the presence of antibodies to HIV-1. Fifteen of 148 needles (10.1 percent) tested positive for HIV-1 antibody. Seropositivity rates did not vary by the day of the week of collection, nor by shooting gallery from which they were collected. When the needle appeared to contain blood residue, 20.0 percent were positive versus 5.1 percent with no blood residue. These findings suggest that needles/syringes used in shooting galleries are likely to serve as reservoirs and/or vectors of transmission of the HIV-1 virus, and that although visual inspection of the needle/syringe may be useful in lessening the chance for transmission, even the visually "clean" needles may result in transmission of infection.

First Page

357

Last Page

364

Book Title

Promoting the Public Good: Policy in the Public Square and the Church

Editor

Terry-McElrath, Yvonne M., Curtis J. Vanderwaal, Alina M. Baltazar, David J. B. Trim

Publisher

Avondale Academic Press

City

Cooranbong, N.S.W.

ISBN

0987417258

First Department

Behavioral Sciences

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