Missionaries face unique challenges when confronted with spirit possession rituals. Because not all spirit possessions are regarded as negative in some cultures, some spirit possessions are sought through adorcism rituals. Such spirit possessions are considered advantageous for the individual or the community. Contrasted with exorcism which is to expel or bind troublesome or uninvited entities, adorcism creates or strengthens beneficial ties between the possessed person and the spirits (Openshaw 2020:6).
This article seeks to show that the practice of adorcism rituals, as is the case among the Dendi people in the northern part of Benin, presents a unique challenge to Christian mission. Therefore, the classical approach to spirit possession with exorcism needs a critical evaluation.
"How to Engage Voluntary Spirit Possession Rituals in Mission: The Case of the Dendi Adorcism Ritual,"
Journal of Adventist Mission Studies:
Available at: https://digitalcommons.andrews.edu/jams/vol18/iss1/9