Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


College of Education and International Services


Leadership PhD

First Advisor

James A. Tucker

Second Advisor

Kristin Stehouwer

Third Advisor

Gary Gifford



The impact of teachers’ efficacious beliefs on achievement in technical high schools required further investigation. This study examined the collective-efficacy beliefs of academic and trade departments in 17 Connecticut technical high schools and the relationship between those beliefs and student achievement.


The collective-efficacy beliefs of 730 teachers were measured through use of the Collective Teacher-Efficacy Belief Scale. Perceptions of influence over instruction, discipline, and overall efficacy were obtained. A sample of 2,592 students was used to obtain achievement data in mathematics, science, reading, and writing on the Connecticut Academic Performance Test. Multiple regression analysis was used to determine correlations between collective-efficacy beliefs and achievement. A confirmatory factor- analysis was completed to assure the reliability of the test instrument.


A significant relationship was evidenced between teacher perceptions of collective-efficacy and student achievement in mathematics, science, reading, and writing. Achievement in math and science were most effectively predicted by the collective teacher beliefs around school discipline. Reading and writing achievement were most effectively predicted by the overall perceptions of teachers’ collective- efficacy. Additionally, the results supported the relationship between socioeconomic status of schools and student achievement. Collective-efficacy beliefs about student discipline were lower at schools that served students of lower socioeconomic status. The Collective-Efficacy Belief Scale met confirmatory factor analysis examination. All but one item loaded under expected components of Instruction and Discipline.


The collective-efficacy beliefs of educators were important considerations as school leaders develop safe, orderly, and productive learning environments. Since efficacy around behavior was particularly influential, leaders need to ensure disciplinary control. Organizations need to provide explicit opportunities for teachers and administrators to measure and develop their sense of efficacy and beliefs about student learning as a key component of reflective school practice.

Subject Area

High school teachers--Connecticut--Research; High school teachers--Attitudes; Technical institutes--Connecticut--Research; Effective teaching; Academic achievement


Files over 3MB may be slow to open. For best results, right-click and select "save as..."