Date of Award

2018

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

School

School of Education

Program

Higher Education Administration PhD

First Advisor

Elvin Gabriel

Second Advisor

Tevni Grajales

Third Advisor

Jay Brand

Abstract

Problem

There are gaps in the literature related to organizational culture, job satisfaction, and employee engagement. Researchers have noted that these variables, and the relationships amongst them, have not been studied enough and there exists a need for further research. The purpose of this study was to examine employees’ perceptions of the relationship between the organizational culture of a Toronto-based technology company, and their job satisfaction and engagement.

Method

This study utilized a quantitative, non-experimental, correlational method, while employing a cross-sectional approach with secondary data. This study used data collected by a Toronto-based technology company in June of 2016. The goal of this survey was to measure employee engagement and overall employee happiness, for the purpose of determining what areas of the organization’s culture, if any, needed to be improved. The participants for this study were all full-time employees of the organization. Seventy-three percent of the employee workforce - 76 out of a total of 104 employees - completed the survey. The hypotheses were tested using bivariate correlation analysis to examine the relationship between the variables.

Results

The results showed that (1) employees’ perceived organizational culture was positively correlated with their job satisfaction; (2) employees’ perceived organizational culture was positively correlated with their engagement; (3) there is no statistically significant correlation between employees’ length of time with the organization, and their job satisfaction; and (4) employees’ gender was not correlated with their job satisfaction. Two of the hypotheses were supported, while two were not. Research Hypothesis H1: There is a statistically significant relationship between employees’ perception of the organizational culture of a Toronto-based technology company, and their job satisfaction. This hypothesis was supported Research Hypothesis H2: There is a statistically significant relationship between employees’ perceptions of the organizational culture of a Toronto-based technology company, and their job engagement. This hypothesis was supported. Research Hypothesis H3: There is a statistically significant relationship between employees’ length of time at a Toronto-based technology company, and their job satisfaction. This hypothesis was rejected Research Hypothesis H4: There is a statistically significant relationship between employees’ gender and their job satisfaction. This hypothesis was rejected.

Conclusions

The results of this study confirmed that there is a strong positive, significant, relationship between organizational culture and the job satisfaction and engagement of employees. Organizations should therefore strategically plan to develop an organizational culture that will lead to high levels of job satisfaction and engagement among their employees, as this may result in positive business outcomes including employee retention and higher levels of commitment to the organization, and to the achievement of its goals.

Subject Area

Organizational behavior; Job satisfaction; Employees--Attitudes; Job enrichment

DOI

https://dx.doi.org/10.32597/dissertations/1668

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