Presentation Title

B-2 Environmental Health Landscape of Berrien County: A Multi-media Analysis

Presenter Status

Chair, School of Population Health, Nutrition & Wellness

Second Presenter Status

Faculty, School of Population Health, Nutrition & Wellness

Preferred Session

Oral Session

Start Date

25-10-2019 3:00 PM

Presentation Abstract

Understanding the connection of the environment to health is a critical pathway to begin addressing health disparities and poor health outcomes in communities. This study investigates the environmental determinants of health for a community health needs assessment for Berrien County, Michigan.

We examined environmental contaminants in land, air, and water to gain an understanding into the types of contaminants that are released or are present at sites throughout the county. We assessed sources of information for potentially contaminated sites on land in these categories: 1) Toxic Releases, 2) Environmentally-impacted Sites (Land Reuse Sites), 3) Berrien County Brownfields, and 4) Underground and Above-ground Storage Tanks. There are 18 toxic release facilities in Berrien County. The on-site and off-site disposal or other releases in Berrien County total 145,400 pounds. While 0 pounds of releases were reported on land, 36,700 pounds of on-site releases to air and 67,500 thousand pounds of on-site releases to water were reported in 2017 (United States Environmental Protection Agency). The off-site releases totaled 41,200 pounds. Michigan is ranked 18 out of 56 states/territories nationwide based on total releases per square mile. In addition, we created GIS maps overlaid with all-cause mortality data. Zip codes surrounding the Benton harbor area seem to have the highest number of contaminated sites and high mortality rates. Further studies are need to investigate the relationships between toxic release sites and mortality rates.

Acknowledgments

Laurel BermanPh.D., MS & Motria Caudill, Ph.D., MS (Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry)

References

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Oct 25th, 3:00 PM

B-2 Environmental Health Landscape of Berrien County: A Multi-media Analysis

Understanding the connection of the environment to health is a critical pathway to begin addressing health disparities and poor health outcomes in communities. This study investigates the environmental determinants of health for a community health needs assessment for Berrien County, Michigan.

We examined environmental contaminants in land, air, and water to gain an understanding into the types of contaminants that are released or are present at sites throughout the county. We assessed sources of information for potentially contaminated sites on land in these categories: 1) Toxic Releases, 2) Environmentally-impacted Sites (Land Reuse Sites), 3) Berrien County Brownfields, and 4) Underground and Above-ground Storage Tanks. There are 18 toxic release facilities in Berrien County. The on-site and off-site disposal or other releases in Berrien County total 145,400 pounds. While 0 pounds of releases were reported on land, 36,700 pounds of on-site releases to air and 67,500 thousand pounds of on-site releases to water were reported in 2017 (United States Environmental Protection Agency). The off-site releases totaled 41,200 pounds. Michigan is ranked 18 out of 56 states/territories nationwide based on total releases per square mile. In addition, we created GIS maps overlaid with all-cause mortality data. Zip codes surrounding the Benton harbor area seem to have the highest number of contaminated sites and high mortality rates. Further studies are need to investigate the relationships between toxic release sites and mortality rates.