Date of Award

1992

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

School

School of Education

Program

Higher Education Administration PhD

First Advisor

Bernard M. Lall

Second Advisor

Allen F. Stembridge

Third Advisor

Jimmy Kijai

Abstract

Problem. The large number of Malaysian students studying overseas indicates that there is a paucity of extant institutions of higher learning in Malaysia to cater to the increasing number of secondary school graduates. It was therefore the purpose of this study to develop a model for the organization, administration, and programs for community colleges in Malaysia.

Method. Documentary and survey methodology was used. This study covered the philosophy, purposes, organizational structures, personnel, programs, and roles for community colleges in Malaysia. From the review of related literature, interviews with administrators of community colleges in the United States, and the survey to assess the need for the community college system in Malaysia, a model for the organization, administration, and programs for community colleges in Malaysia was developed.

Results. The results of the survey indicated that approximately 90% of the selected Malaysian educators, politicians, and businessmen agreed or strongly agreed that community colleges are useful for Malaysia because they: (1) offer educational opportunities to disadvantaged secondary school graduates, (2) provide occupational skills in semi-professional fields, (3) serve as stepping stones for motivated students to continue their education in universities, (4) meet the needs for skilled manpower in business, industry and other professions, (5) cater to the educational needs of secondary school graduates, (6) meet the educational needs of working adults to attain specific qualifications for career advancement and change, (7) contribute to the intellectual and cultural activities of their communities, and (8) prepare students to assume responsible roles as citizens.

Conclusions. From this study, it was concluded that there is a need to expand the institutions of higher learning in Malaysia to cater to the increasing number of secondary school graduates and meet the growing demands of business and industry for skilled manpower.

The following recommendations are presented for consideration: (1) That the Malaysian government establish a department under the Ministry of Education to organize, administer and implement programs for community colleges; (2) That residential facilities and programs be considered in the development of community colleges in Malaysia; (3) That organizational and administrative structure be developed; (4) That educational programs and services be developed bearing in mind the local conditions; (5) That the role of the community colleges as feeder institutions be considered; (6) That the role of the community colleges in building communities be included; (7) That the planning for the college facilities be considered and studied; (8) That a strong funding program for the community colleges be developed as Malaysia moves toward 2020.

Subject Area

Community colleges--Malaysia

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