A Critique of Three Psychological Theories of Behavior and the Presuppositions Which Underly Their Model of Man
Date of Award
Master of Arts
School of Education
Educational Psychology MA
Ruth R. Murdoch
Problem Each psychological theory o f behavior is based on a s p e c ific model o f man. The models o f man in tu rn , are b u ilt on p a rtic u la r presuppositions concerning the nature o f man. To f u l l y understand the im p lica tio n s and lim ita tio n s o f the d iffe r e n t models and th e orie s i t is necessary to examine the presuppositions upon which each model and theory is b u ilt . The purpose o f th is study is to examine and c ritiq u e the presuppositions o f three models o f man as presented in three psychological th e orie s o f behavior. Method The method o f th is study consisted o f a search o f lite r a tu r e using as prim ary sources the w ritin g s o f the authors o f the th e orie s and as secondary sources commentaries on the th e o rie s . On the basis o f the statements found in the prim ary sources, each th e o ry 's model o f man was re stru ctu re d and the underlying presuppositions c ritiq u e d . Conclusions The models and presuppositions o f the three psychological th eories o f behavior underestimate the uniqueness and com plexity o f human nature. This leads to a th e o re tic a l dehumanization o f man and to a psychological dilemma o f meaninglessness in existence. A C h ristia n model o f man may provide a more complete, meaningful and coherent view o f man and should be fu rth e r studied in more detail.
Behaviorism (Psychology), Human behavior., Psychology, Comparative.
Jantos, Marek, "A Critique of Three Psychological Theories of Behavior and the Presuppositions Which Underly Their Model of Man" (1981). Master's Theses. 12.
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