GW170814: A Three-detector Observation of Gravitational Waves From a Binary Black Hole Coalescence
On August 14, 2017 at 10∶30:43 UTC, the Advanced Virgo detector and the two Advanced LIGO detectors coherently observed a transient gravitational-wave signal produced by the coalescence of two stellar mass black holes, with a false-alarm rate of ≲1 in 27 000 years. The signal was observed with a three-detector network matched-filter signal-to-noise ratio of 18. The inferred masses of the initial black holes are 30.5+5.7−3.0M⊙ and 25.3+2.8−4.2M⊙ (at the 90% credible level). The luminosity distance of the source is 540+130−210 Mpc, corresponding to a redshift of z=0.11+0.03−0.04. A network of three detectors improves the sky localization of the source, reducing the area of the 90% credible region from 1160 deg2 using only the two LIGO detectors to 60 deg2 using all three detectors. For the first time, we can test the nature of gravitational-wave polarizations from the antenna response of the LIGO-Virgo network, thus enabling a new class of phenomenological tests of gravity.
Physical Review Letters
Summerscales, Tiffany and Abbott, B. P. et al., "GW170814: A Three-detector Observation of Gravitational Waves From a Binary Black Hole Coalescence" (2017). Faculty Publications. 722.