Title

Dawn-dusk Asymmetries in the Auroral Particle Precipitation and Their Modulations by Substorms

Document Type

Contribution to Book

Publication Date

10-20-2017

Abstract

Auroral particle precipitation exhibits dawn‐dusk asymmetries that reflect the asymmetries in the particle populations, waves, and processes in the magnetosphere. The diffuse auroral electrons can be observed mainly in 22:00–09:00 MLT, which coincides with much of the spatial distribution of the whistler‐mode chorus waves that have been shown to be the predominant mechanism for pitch‐angle scattering magnetospheric electrons into the loss cone. On the other hand, the monoenergetic auroral electrons can be observed in the dusk‐midnight sector. The monoenergetic electrons are magnetospheric electrons that have gone through a quasistatic parallel electric field in the upward field‐aligned current regions. The broadband auroral electrons can be found mostly at 22:00–02:00 MLT where a peak in the Poynting flux of Alfvén waves is observed. Alfvén waves are known to cause broadband acceleration of electrons. There may be a connection between monoenergetic and broadband electrons in that the low‐frequency Alfvén wave–electron interaction can result in monoenergetic electron signature. Substorms increase the power of the diffuse, monoenergetic, and broadband electron aurora by 310%, 71%, and 170%, respectively. The duration of the substorm cycle for monenergetic and broadband auroral is ~5 h, but it is larger than 5 h for diffuse auroral electrons.

First Page

255

Last Page

272

Book Title

Dawn‐Dusk Asymmetries in Planetary Plasma Environments

Editor

Haaland, Stein, Andrei Runov, Colin Forsyth

Publisher

John Wiley and Sons

City

Hoboken, NJ

Series

Geophysical Monograph Series

ISBN

9781119216322

DOI

10.1002/9781119216346

First Department

Engineering and Computer Science

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