Religious Orientation and Ethnic Identity as Predictors of Religious Coping Among Bereaved Individuals
Religious orientation and ethnic identity inform the religious coping process, but research on this topic is scarce. The authors collected data on these constructs from a sample ( N = 319) of bereaved adults. A canonical correlation analysis showed that individuals who engage in traditional spiritual practices and strive to achieve ordinary and transcendental spiritual goals are more likely to engage in positive religious coping (Wilks's Λ = .36, Rc2 = .62, p < .001). Also, a multiple regression analysis revealed that individuals with higher levels of ethnic identity development are more likely to engage in positive religious coping (β = .12, t < .05). Finally, a discriminant analysis indicated that ethnic identity and a conservative religious orientation discriminated between Whites and ethnic minority individuals, Wilks's Λ = .71, χ2(4, N = 204) = 70.10, p < .001, Rc2 = .26. The authors encourage counselors to strengthen their multicultural and spiritual competencies to provide effective services to a culturally and religiously diverse clientele.
Counseling & Values
Graduate Psychology and Counseling
Cruz-Ortega, Luis G.; Gutierrez, Daniel; and Waite, Dennis, "Religious Orientation and Ethnic Identity as Predictors of Religious Coping Among Bereaved Individuals" (2015). Faculty Publications. 48.