Change in Aerobic Fitness of Patients with Multiple Sclerosis During a 6-Month Training Program
Aerobic fitness, Exercise, Oxygen uptake, Rehabilitation
Twenty-three individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) participated in a 6-month exercise training program; 11 ambulatory (AMB) and 8 semi-ambulatory (SEMI). Four persons with MS served as non-exercising controls (C). A test of maximal aerobic power (V̇O(2max)) was administered at baseline to all subjects. AMB and SEMI subjects exercised on alternating days for 30 minutes, at 55-60% V̇O(2max) using either a commercially available recumbent or upright combination leg/arm bicycle ergometer. At the end of 12 and 24 weeks, exercising subjects were re-evaluated. The C group was only re-evaluated at 24 weeks. The results show that the AMB and SEMI groups experienced a +20% and +5% improvement in V̇O(2max), respectively. The C group averaged a 12% decline in V̇O(2max) during the 6 months. These data demonstrate the possibility that although exercise improves cardiovascular fitness of some persons with less severe MS, this beneficial response may not apply to the more severely impaired patient. Nevertheless, improved cardiovascular health at any level may enhance the overall rehabilitation outcome of many individuals in this patient population.
Sports Medicine, Training and Rehabilitation
Ponichtera-Mulcare, Janet A.; Mathews, Thomas; Barrett, Pamela J.; and Gupta, Satyendra C., "Change in Aerobic Fitness of Patients with Multiple Sclerosis During a 6-Month Training Program" (1997). Faculty Publications. 2685.