"thirty-nine of the 104 competencies from the qualitative study were rated 5.00 and above. Four of them were leadership competencies, four were management competencies, and 31 were other competencies. Few regional differences were found in the German-speaking fields except for the North German Union. Only 29.9% of the pastors rated the leadership competencies associated with the core tasks of leadership as high. in contrast they tended to attribute more importance of those competencies they used on a more frequent basis and with greater proficiency. these results suggest the need for training in actual leadership competencies."
Gyuroka, Thomas C.
"What Do Pastors in German-Speaking Europe Perceive as Important Leadership Competencies in Order to be Effective Pastoral Leaders,"
Journal of Applied Christian Leadership:
Available at: https://digitalcommons.andrews.edu/jacl/vol11/iss2/16