Event Title

Natural Products in Weed Control: Allyl Isothiocyanate Effects on In Vitro Velvetleaf Seedling Growth and the Influence of Mustard Seed Meal on Soil Bacterial Populations

Presenter Information

Stanford Shin, Andrews University

Start Date

3-3-2017 2:30 PM

End Date

3-3-2017 4:00 PM

Description

Past research has shown that allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) and its sister ITC compounds are effective alternatives to herbicides in reducing growth in weed seedlings. In this project the effects of mustard seed meal (MSM), a source of AITC, on plant-associated soil bacteria populations was assessed along with the effect of AITC on velvetleaf seed in vitro germination. Results show that MSM reduces bacterial levels in the soil. Velvetleaf seed germination was inhibited by micromolar levels of AITC. These results suggest that MSM has the potential to impact velvetleaf growth in the field as well as becoming a weed management tool.

Acknowledgments

Dr. Robert Zdor

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Mar 3rd, 2:30 PM Mar 3rd, 4:00 PM

Natural Products in Weed Control: Allyl Isothiocyanate Effects on In Vitro Velvetleaf Seedling Growth and the Influence of Mustard Seed Meal on Soil Bacterial Populations

Past research has shown that allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) and its sister ITC compounds are effective alternatives to herbicides in reducing growth in weed seedlings. In this project the effects of mustard seed meal (MSM), a source of AITC, on plant-associated soil bacteria populations was assessed along with the effect of AITC on velvetleaf seed in vitro germination. Results show that MSM reduces bacterial levels in the soil. Velvetleaf seed germination was inhibited by micromolar levels of AITC. These results suggest that MSM has the potential to impact velvetleaf growth in the field as well as becoming a weed management tool.