Presentation Title

P-27 Genetic Diversity of the Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus) in Berrien and Van Buren Counties, Southwest Michigan

Presenter Status

Graduate Student, Biology

Second Presenter Status

Associate Professor of Biology

Third Presenter Status

Associate Professor of Biology

Preferred Session

Poster Session

Location

Buller Hall

Start Date

3-11-2017 2:00 PM

End Date

3-11-2017 3:00 PM

Presentation Abstract

The Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus; EMR) is a small robust pit viper currently found in nine states and the province of Ontario, Canada. EMR wetland habitats have experienced significant destruction and fragmentation by humans and as a result the current distribution of the EMR is a fraction of its historic distribution. For this reason, the EMR has been federally listed as threatened. A recent analysis of the mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase (ND2) gene from 179 individuals from 34 unique locations throughout the EMR range found 18 unique haplotypes clustering into three groups corresponding to the following geographic regions: western cluster in Iowa, Wisconsin and Illinois; central cluster in Indiana, southern and central Michigan, and Ohio; and eastern cluster in Pennsylvania, New York, Ontario and northern Michigan. The exact boundary between the western and central clusters is not known due to the lack of samples from Berrien and Van Buren Counties in southwest Michigan. The objective of our study was to determine the genetic diversity of EMRs in Berrien & Van Buren County, Michigan adding clarity to the boundary. A total of 11 EMRs were captured from three locations during three field seasons (2015-2017). Blood samples were collected from the caudal vein and DNA extracted. The mitochondrial ND2 gene was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequenced using the Sanger dideoxy method. Results indicate that all three EMR haplotype clusters are represented within Berrien and Van Buren Counties, including a new undescribed transitional haplotype between the central and western clusters.

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Nov 3rd, 2:00 PM Nov 3rd, 3:00 PM

P-27 Genetic Diversity of the Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus) in Berrien and Van Buren Counties, Southwest Michigan

Buller Hall

The Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus; EMR) is a small robust pit viper currently found in nine states and the province of Ontario, Canada. EMR wetland habitats have experienced significant destruction and fragmentation by humans and as a result the current distribution of the EMR is a fraction of its historic distribution. For this reason, the EMR has been federally listed as threatened. A recent analysis of the mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase (ND2) gene from 179 individuals from 34 unique locations throughout the EMR range found 18 unique haplotypes clustering into three groups corresponding to the following geographic regions: western cluster in Iowa, Wisconsin and Illinois; central cluster in Indiana, southern and central Michigan, and Ohio; and eastern cluster in Pennsylvania, New York, Ontario and northern Michigan. The exact boundary between the western and central clusters is not known due to the lack of samples from Berrien and Van Buren Counties in southwest Michigan. The objective of our study was to determine the genetic diversity of EMRs in Berrien & Van Buren County, Michigan adding clarity to the boundary. A total of 11 EMRs were captured from three locations during three field seasons (2015-2017). Blood samples were collected from the caudal vein and DNA extracted. The mitochondrial ND2 gene was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequenced using the Sanger dideoxy method. Results indicate that all three EMR haplotype clusters are represented within Berrien and Van Buren Counties, including a new undescribed transitional haplotype between the central and western clusters.