Date of Award

2017

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts

School

Theological Seminary

Program

Religion, MA: Archaeology

First Advisor

Randall W. Younker

Second Advisor

Paul J, Ray

Third Advisor

Constance E. Gane

Abstract

Problem

Paul W. Lapp excavated at ‘Araq al-‘Emir and dated Stratum V to Iron Age I with an occupation gap before later periods. Later findings by scholars suggested a later date for this stratum, but no one has reviewed the original material in order to complete this. This study revisited the date of Stratum V using Lapp’s original sherds and field notes.

Method

The original sherds and field notes were borrowed from Nancy L. Lapp at Pittsburgh Theological Seminary. The data in the field notes was cross-examined with the sherds to identify the relevant sherds. A comparative analysis was conducted on these sherds to achieve a date for the stratum.

Results

The results of the comparative analysis showed a range of sherds from Iron Age I to the Iron Age IIC/Persian Period. Since strata are dated based on the latest sherds, Stratum V should be dated to the Iron Age IIC/Persian period.

Conclusions

Lapp was wrong in dating Stratum V to Iron Age I. Ji is correct in pointing out that Lapp’s sherds represent a later time period. However, critics of Lapp should not deny that evidence exists for Iron Age I activity. Stratum V should be dated to the Iron Age IIC/Persian period.

Subject Area

Araq el-Emir Site (Jordan), Jordan--Antiquities

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