Date of Award

2016

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts

School

Theological Seminary

Program

Religion, MA: New Testament

First Advisor

John C. Peckham

Second Advisor

P. Richard Choi

Third Advisor

Richard M. Davidson

Abstract

Problem

In Romans 3:25, Paul describes how the public display of Christ as the i``lasthrion demonstrates the righteousness of God. However, it is unclear what exactly Paul means by the term i``lasthrion, and how it is connected to the cover of the Ark of the Covenant for which it is usually used in the LXX.

Method

The first chapter of this paper consists of an exegetical investigation of Romans 3:25-26 paying consideration also to systematical implications for Paul’s understanding of atonement and the character of God. The second chapter is an analysis of the meaning and the function of the i``lasthrion in the LXX. In the third chapter, an attempt is made to fill the Old Testament content of i``lasthrion into Paul’s argument about the demonstration of the righteousness of God. --

Results

Paul probably viewed the i``lasthrion as a type of Christ, and this typological connection gives insight into the role of Christ until and in the antitypical Day of Atonement as understood by leading scholars within the Seventh-day Adventist Church.

Conclusion

Christ’s role in the atonement may include the bearing of the judicial responsibilities that God voluntarily took upon himself when he granted pardon to sinners prior to the investigation at the Day of Atonement.

Subject Area

Hilasterion (The Greek word), Bible. Romans 3:25--Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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