Date of Award

1986

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts

School

Theological Seminary

Program

Master of Divinity, MDiv: Old Testament

First Advisor

Richard M. Davidson

Abstract

Problem The a t t i t u d e o f S c r i p t u r e t o th e u s e o f a l c o h o l i s a s u b j e c t o f c o n t i n u i n g d i s p u t e . T h i s t h e s i s a n a l y z e s t h e 141 o c c u r r e n c e s o f th e Hebrew word y a y i n ( w i n e ) , to d e t e r m i n e t h e a t t i t u d e o f OT w r i t e r s t o t h e u s e o f a l c o h o l . Method The s t u d y r e v i e w s l i t e r a t u r e d e a l i n g w i t h t h e e v i d e n c e f o r w in e p r o d u c t i o n and s t o r a g e i n P a l e s t i n e and t h e ANE, and t r a c e s t h e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t h e win e i n d u s t r y i n A n a t o l i a , B a b y l o n i a , E g y p t , and t h e L e v a n t . A g a i n s t t h e background o f t h i s r e v i e w t h e s t u d y c o n s i d e r s OT u s a g e o f y a y i n , t h e main Hebrew word f o r w i n e , u n d e r t h e s e v e n c a t e g o r i e s o f d a i l y l i f e , f e s t i v i t y , w o r s h i p and r i t u a l , p r o p h e t i c u t t e r a n c e , s p e c i a l p e o p l e , m etap h or, and c o u n s e l and d e c l a r a t i o n . The c a t e g o r i e s a r e a n a l y z e d s e p a r a t e l y and t o g e t h e r to d e t e r m i n e a t o n e o f a p p r o v a l , d i s a p p r o v a l , o r i n d i f f e r e n c e in S c r i p t u r e t o t h e d r i n k i n g o f a l c o h o l . F i v e OT n a r r a t i v e s a r e u s e d t o i l l u s t r a t e t h e c o n c l u s i o n s o f t h e s t u d y . F i n d i n g s The s t u d y f i n d s t h a t p r e s e n t k n o w l e d g e o f w i n e p r o d u c t i o n and s t o r a g e p r o c e s s e s in P a l e s t i n e e q u a l l y s u p p o r t t h e m a n u fa ctu re and p r e s e r v a t i o n o f f e r m e n t e d and u n ferm en ted g r a p e j u i c e . The b i b l i c a l t e s t i m o n y f a v o r s w i d e s p r e a d u s e o f i n t o x i c a n t s i n a n c i e n t I s r a e l ; i t a l s o s u p p l i e s e v i d e n c e t h a t many I s r a e l i t e s a b s t a i n e d in a c c o r d a n c e w i t h e x p l i c i t s p i r i t u a l i n j u n c t i o n r a t h e r than o u t o f p e c u l i a r or a r b i t r a r y i n c l i n a t i o n . W h i l e Deut 14:2 6 in p a r t i c u l a r p r o v i d e s e x p l i c i t a l l o w a n c e f o r I s r a e l ' s u s e o f i n t o x i c a n t s , t h e s t u d y c o n c l u d e s t h a t , o v e r a l l , t h e a n c i e n t Hebrew m o r a l i s t s condemn b o t h d r un kenness and t h e i d e a o f a l c o h o l d r i n k i n g .

Subject Area

Wine--Biblical teaching.

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