4f n−1 5d→4f n emission of Ce3+, Pr3+, Nd3+, Er3+, and Tm3+ in LiYF4 and YPO4
High-resolution 4fn−15d→4fn emission spectra in the (vacuum) ultraviolet are reported for Ce3+, Pr3+, Nd3+, Er3+, and Tm3+ in LiYF4 and YPO4 host lattices. The positions and intensities of the zero-phonon lines are calculated and compared to the high-resolution emission spectra. For the thulium samples gated detection has been used to distinguish between the spin-forbidden and spin-allowed 4fn−15d→4fn emissions. Luminescence lifetimes for the spin-forbidden 4fn−15d→4fn emissions are calculated and compared with experimentally observed lifetimes. A good agreement between experiment and theory is found, demonstrating the validity of the model developed for the 4fn−15d and 4fn states of lanthanide ions.
Physical Review B
Peijzel, P.; Vergeer, P.; Meijerink, A.; Reid, M.; Boatner, L.; and Burdick, Gary, "4f n−1 5d→4f n emission of Ce3+, Pr3+, Nd3+, Er3+, and Tm3+ in LiYF4 and YPO4" (2005). Faculty Publications. 40.