Date of Award
Doctor of Ministry
Seventh-day Adventist Theological Seminary
Doctor of Ministry DMin
Benjamin D. Schoun
Robert M. Johnston
C. Raymond Holmes
There is a great need among pastors for clarification of roles in light of the rapid changes in society and the increased expectation of parishioners that he/she be skilled in an ever widening range of pastoral function. There is also a need for pastors to develop skills in negotiating their roles with the congregation(s) they serve so that differences may be narrowed. The project includes an extensive review of Old Testament conceptual models (priest, prophet, king, and shepherd) and New Testament orders (apostolate, deaconate, and elder) for the purpose of discerning the biblical foundations for modern pastoral roles. It also includes a survey of the spiritual gifts that are considered leadership gifts (apostle, prophet, evangelist, pastor, and teacher) which inform pastoral ministry. The biblical profile of pastoral roles concludes with an observation of how pastoral ministry functioned in the Early Christian Church through the lives and instructions of key leaders like Paul, Peter, Timothy, Titus, and Jesus. A profile of pastoral roles from current literature was developed which included a study of Samuel Blizzard's important work and that of scholars who built on his research. This part of the project also included a review of the important factors which have resulted in changes in pastoral roles during the past century. The minister's view of appropriate roles is compared with parishioner's expectations and a procedure for negotiating differences in developed. Based upon the survey of literature, eight models of ministry were identified (priest, prophet, king, shepherd, teacher, evangelist, example, and general practitioner) and specifications for each given. Several important conclusions resulted from the project. Among them is the fact that role clarification is possible through a study of the biblical material instructive of pastoral roles and of current research in this area. It was also discovered that increased knowledge of pastoral roles can result in a mutual improvement of understanding between pastor and parish concerning these roles, which can contribute to reduced conflict regarding the expression and fulfillment of those roles.
Church group work
Juhl, Bruce Teel, "The Development and Implementation of Role Negotiation Between the Pastor and the Members of the Anoka/maple Plain, Minnesota Seventh-day Adventist Multi-Church Parish" (1990). Project Documents. 185.
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