Date of Award

1982

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Education

School

School of Education

Program

Educational Psychology, Ed.D.

First Advisor

W. Peter Blitchington

Second Advisor

Virgil L. Bartlett

Third Advisor

J. Thayer

Abstract

Problem. Anne Roe claims that occupational interests and person orientation develop to a significant extent from the complex interaction of family emotional relationships in the formative years. She describes three basic family patters (Accepting, Concentrating, and Avoiding) of needs satisfaction as antecedents to the two types of person oriention within eight occupational group classifications. Research has mostly failed to support her global occupational predictions. This study explored the specific predictions for a General Culture Group.

Method. A sample of 298 subjects was used from the population of 311 teachers in training at the University of Montemorelos, N. L., Mexico. They are representative of the General Culture Group, level 2, in Roe's scheme of classifications. Spanish language translations of the Family Relations Inventory (FRI), the Biographical Questionnaire --Subtest VI, the Person Interest Inventory, and the Job Satisfaction Blank No. 5 were developed and adapted for use in this study. Chi-Square Tests of Goodness of Fit and of Independence, Product Moment Correlation with Regression Analysis and Analysis of Variance procedures were used on the data to test null hypothesis.

Results. A significant frequency of subjects with antecedents in the Concentrating category of family emotional relationships was found which supported the trend predicted. It was also found that these subjects significantly represented the major Orientation Toward Persons category proposed in Roe's theory. The findings support Roe's original proposition of composite occupational characteristics for the General Culture sample. The PII and JSB are not adequate predictors of family emotional relationships antecedents and do not take the place of the FRI for research in the framework of Roe's theory. No significant sex differerces were found on the FRI categories. Expected-Job-Satisfaction was found to be continguent with Person Orientation. High Expected-Job-Satisfaction is significantly correlated with Orientation Toward Persons.

Conclusion. The data analyses revealed support for the general trend predicted in Roe's theory for a General Cultural occupation like teaching. This sample reported the characteristic Concentrating Family Emotional Relationship background, Orientation Toward Persons, and High Expected-Job-Satisfaction of a significantly homogeneous group. Teachers in training in Mexico are more likely to describe their Family Emotional Relationship antecedents as predicted in Roe's propositions.

Subject Area

Teachers--Training of--Mexico, Teachers--Job satisfaction.

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