Date of Award

2012

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

School

Seventh-day Adventist Theological Seminary

Program

Religion, Old Testament Studies PhD

First Advisor

Randall W. Younker

Second Advisor

Paul Ray

Third Advisor

Paul Gregor

Abstract

Problem

In Transjordan, archaeological evidence found at well-stratified sites and dating to the Persian period (539-330 BC) has been lacking until the publication series of Tall al- ‘Umayri. This dissertation determines a pottery typology of the Persian period by distinguishing between the Iron II/Persian period and the Persian period of Tall al- ‘Umayri.

Method

The ceramic evidence dating to the Persian period from the site of Tall al-‘Umayri was systematically collected and organized according to the form typology set out in Ancient Pottery of Transjordan. The Persian pottery was then compared to Iron II/Persian pottery in order to discover differences between these two periods.

Results

Several differences between the Iron II/Persian pottery and Persian pottery of Tall al-‘Umayri were discovered. Differences included pottery forms and characteristics appearing in the Persian period but not found in the Iron II/Persian period as well as decorative treatments.

Conclusions

Differences between Iron II/Persian pottery and Persian pottery do exist. These differences are tangible enough to be used to separate archaeological finds and define them as belonging to the Iron II/Persian period or the Persian period.

Subject Area

Excavations (Archaeology)--Jordan, Pottery, Ancient--Jordan, Andrews University--Dissertations--Pottery, Ancient--Jordan.

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